EBOOK Зимние заметки о летних впечатлениях

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  • Зимние заметки о летних впечатлениях
  • Fyodor Dostoyevsky
  • English
  • 09 July 2020
  • 9780810115187

Fyodor Dostoyevsky Ü 9 free download

Fyodor Dostoyevsky Ü 9 free download Зимние заметки о летних впечатлениях review ↠ 109 Tes his later work Notes from the Underground In June 1862 Dostoevsky left Petersburg on his first excursion to Western Europe Ostensibly making the trip to consult Western specialists about his epilepsy he also wished to see fi. You know that show on PBS Rick Steves Europe Imagine that it was hosted not by the affable slightly boring Steves but by the grumpiest most beetle browed Russian you can fathom and that rather than seeking out the famous citadels cathedrals and monuments of Europe our host instead scurries straight for the most destitute neighborhoods of London and Paris and spends his time listening to the area s gambling addicts and child prostitutes Also having decided to judge Europe by its lowest common denominators ie said gamblers and prostitutes our host finds Europe to be a loathsome place not at all what it s cracked up to be Got that in your head That s basically Winter Notes on Summer Impressions Make no Parisian catacomb entombed bones about it this is a Russian nationalist screed serving as a direct response to what Dostoevsky saw as European infiltration into his beloved homeland by means of German rationalism and other philosophies popular in the 1860s It s a book very much of its time and place which is why it s not widely read today but I think it should be because it s turned out to be highly relevant to the good ol USA circa 2016As the election season has progressed or devolved one of the most common refrains heard from the Democrats goes something like this Every major European country has a universal health care system that works why don t we Finland has by far the most successful educational program in the world and yet we persistently fail to emulate it If a policy is proven to work then that s that and a refusal to adopt the policy out of nationalism is really mere stubbornness disguised as patriotism pettiness as pride And so I would politely inuire of my friends on the other side of the aisle and so on The eually adamant rejoinder from the right is I don t want to live in Europe or Canada or Mexico I want to live in America Let us make our own mistakes if mistakes they be If I may uote the Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoevsky The fundamental uestion here the necessity or un necessity of a nation s politics arising naturally from a pre existing national sentiment has been argued since time immemorial nowhere passionately than in the pages of Dostoevsky During the turbulent 1860 s the man watched with horror and revulsion as his country committed what he considered cultural prostitution with Western Europe in the role of pimp Although he had longed to go to Europe from childhood having very Dostoevskian delirious ravings about the continent in his sleep as a boy when he finally arrives at the age of forty he discovers he has already seen much of what is offered He needn t have left his homeland by 1862 French literature German philosophy and English customs had long since become those of the Russian intelligentsia The fashion of the time consisting of silk stockings and wigs and little swords perhaps of the same variety as the sabre the Underground Man s offending officer rattled so impudently was a hodgepodge of European tastes The up and coming political views of the day were no less so and taken about as seriously by their adoptees as their fashion At one point in Winter Notes our intrepid traveller grumbles Our entire ultraprogressive party fervently stands up for foreign suspenders The problem with donning these ideological suspenders Dostoevsky believes is that they are not held in any esteem granted any real value that only those beliefs and literature and fashion and customs which come from the native soil of those who believe in and practice them can be said to hold genuine value to the soul In short A culture is cultivated over the centuries and developed over the centuries A nationality is not easily altered it is not easy to abandon the habits of centuries ingrained in the flesh and blood So what does this mean for the United States What ideas have been ingrained in our flesh and blood how do they compare to those of the Europe Dostoevsky visited and what do they say about usIn modern political terms Dostoevsky s cultural determinism is a very conservative idea considered almost backwards It seems to fly in the face of the melting pot mentality that has been ingrained in our flesh and blood since the immigration waves of the early 20th century and it is the diametric opposite of multiculturalism if nationalities are in fact almost genetic then throwing a bunch of them onto the same plot of land and telling them to work things out amongst themselves is a recipe not for democracy but violent sectarianism It also offers a bleak prognosis for our nation s ability to reverse this inevitable division as the multicultural ideal itself being developed over centuries is not easily altered Dostoevsky renders just such a judgment on France in Winter Notes That nation in perpetual recoil from what Dostoevsky terms all those little pranks that is the French Revolution was at the time attempting to instate a socialist brotherhood of men a secular Kingdom of Heaven The rub for Dostoevsky is that this attempt is by definition a self conscious one and so doomed to failure by its very nature As soon as one sees the benefits of brotherhood which Dostoevsky never doubts are very real one desires brotherhood not for the good of mankind but for one s self interest such is man s nature As soon as this self interest is understood by the individual it becomes impossible to devote oneself for any other reason including the good of others Just ask the narrator of Notes From Underground 1864 Rationally speaking one drop of your own fat must be dearer to you than a hundred thousand of your fellow creatures and this conclusion is the final solution of all so called virtues and duties and all prejudices and fancies Meaning then that all conscious strivings toward brotherhood toward the cessation of world history are doomed in their very design but not necessarily all unconscious onesAfter all it is like trying not to think of a polar bear Try to pose for yourself this task not to think of a polar bear and you will see that the cursed thing will come to mind every minute So how is the realization of Utopia to be done There is no way it can be done but rather it must happen of itself it must be present in one s nature unconsciously a part of the nature of the whole race in a word in order for there to be a principle of brother love there must be love It is necessary to be drawn by one s very instincts into brotherhood community and harmony to be drawn in spite of all the nation s age old sufferings in spite of age old slavery in spite of foreigners in a word the need for a brotherly community must be in the nature of man he must be born with it or he must have been in the habit from time immemorialThe French people in trying not to think of the self interested benefits of socialism end up thinking about them continuously In other words Dostoevsky uips socialism is uite possible but only in places other than France It isn t too difficult to imagine how this logic can be applied to America today To posit a pipe bomb the American ideal has always been or less the brotherhood Dostoevsky describes in Winter Notes that is a community of men who find the highest happiness in making sacrifices for their fellow men but only of their own volition The reason this ideal has been so obviously unrealized in our history is because the further back one moves in history the narrower the definition of just who is fully human becomes and so the narrower the circle of brothers eligible for membership in the brotherhood of men Further when even one person is rendered ineligible for membership on the basis of his race or her sex it becomes impossible for the accepted members to genuinely sacrifice themselves for the good of man even if they want to because the benefits they receive from their social superiority over the given sub humans of the time renders their sacrifice moot it becomes an easy risk free thing to do and in conseuence an affectation a symbolic act done to keep up appearances Look no further than the case of slavery and its abolitionist opposition an example contemporary to Dostoevsky briefly referenced in Winter Notes In 1850 s America to proclaim oneself an abolitionist was to commit social suicide among the respectable North abolitionism was a fringe movement the domain of fanatic obsessives like William Lloyd Garrison and the Transcendentalists and terrorists like John Brown By the end of the Civil War it was of course the Union s universal view In siding with Lincoln s after his Proclamation the landed gentry of the North pretended they were martyring their reputation and so they thought or claimed to think were risking their lives for the just cause of abolition They did nothing of the sort of course instead sending the common soldier to his death with a hearty salute and following the status uo to a tee the whole way through but when the status uo changes as it did during the war it is profitable to pretend that it has not and that the adopters of the new status uo are in fact rebels against it it flatters the ego But we shouldn t waste too much breath proving the existence of sanctimony in American discourse The point is that it is impossible for the privileged or if you prefer un persecuted segment of society be they the fashionable abolitionist or you and me to make the sort of sacrifice Dostoevsky s notion of brotherhood demands in a society marred by ineuality Fortunately the general trend of American history is toward inclusivity makes the possibility of such a brotherhood grow brighterBut say we arrive at total political euality a scenario hard to imagine without the totalitarian social controls of Kurt Vonnegut s Harrison Bergeron or of Ingsoc but let us suppose In such a case brotherhood will still be impossible for America the culprit this time is capitalism Dostoevsky s scathing critiue of capitalism framed in Winter Notes by his visit to London is remarkable in part because it does not seek to promote any other economic system is instead predicated on the assumption that all economic systems are futile by nature of their artificiality Our Russian Virgil guiding us through the gas lit streets of Hell where at night everyone rushes as fast as he can to drink until he loses consciousness is struck during the day by the calm and obscene assuredness in the rightness of their activities with which Londoners bustle about Never do they uestion the profit motive even when the inevitable failure of the majority of the population to produce a profit drives them to misery never would it occur to them to uestion itIn the presence of such enormity in the presence of such gigantic pride in the sovereign spirit in the presence of the triumphant finality of that spirit s creations even the hungry soul often comes to a standstill grows humble bows down seeks salvation in gin and depravity and begins to believe that everything is as it should be Fact weighs heavy the masses grow numb and wander about like zombies or if skepticism arises dismally and with a curse they seek salvation in something like Mormonism This will not be the last time Dostoevsky expresses concern over the self proclaimed reliability of all rationalist forms of thought including free market economics Because the objective righteousness of what Dostoevsky labels in his chapter title Baal an umbrella name for numerous Pagan gods can even if uestioned never be found wanting the most an Englishman can hope for is the false hope delivered by false religions as Dostoevsky considered Mormonism to be which simply do not comment on the driving force behind English society which overlook the matter and drown the congregation s intuitive doubts about this force in a deluge of myth and superstition Such anyway is his highest hope by day By night it is the aforementioned blackout drinking For the women of London however Baal must be served most especially by night At night prostitutes crowd several streets in this uarter by the thousands In Haymarket I noticed mothers who were bringing their young daughters into the business Little girls around twelve years of age take you by the hand and ask you to go with them This sort of depravity into which London was driven by its poverty is utterly alien to modern America In solely physical terms we have come closer to the fulfillment of the Crystal Palace Dostoevsky patrons in London than any other nation we are a prosperous consumer culture and we like to flaunt it However for Dostoevsky physical prosperity can be as morally disastrous as physical poverty if not so Crimes that are unforgivable in Dostoevsky are usually the result of decadence the dandyish Verkhovensky and the dashing rogue Stavrogin in Demons Raskolnikov s murders in Crime and Punishment Crimes committed out of a biological drive such as hunger or lust are comprehensible forgivable and only human Criminals who act in the name of an ideal including that of the capitalist Baal which is alive and well in America today act inhumanly and little sympathy from Dostoevsky Better for your soul in short to be starving on the streets of London and even selling your child s body to make ends meet than to live idly in a world where such things happen doing nothing to prevent them when it is within your means to do so This is why Pyotr Stepanovich in Demons and Ivan Karamazov in the Brothers are guilty in the eyes of God even though they kill by proxy active passionate injustices are preferable to emotionally detached ones of the sort which are encouraged by the capitalist systems of England and America which incentivize the exploitation of others whom we bear no personal vendettas against As a nation we remain both politically and economically unprepared to embrace Dostoevsky s brotherhood by means of our own consciousness and to make matters difficult the importation of foreign consciousness is futile at best disastrous at worst So what now How do we manage to sway the instincts of our society in a brotherly direction In a phrase What Is to Be Done We know that culture is ingrained in the flesh and blood and this is so because according to Dostoevsky the soul is not a tabula rasa a piece of wax from which the universal man may be molded If the soul is not a tabula rasa then exactly what part of it is predetermined There may be the biological component to be sure the urge for self preservation that we now universally agree is present in man s mind at birth but that can hardly be all in Dostoevsky s view It cannot be all because Dostoevsky has already declared the socialist brotherhood is a possibility in places other than France by which Dostoevsky really means in Russia There is no Darwinian urge to sacrifice oneself for the sake of one s fellow man at no point has there been a widespread belief in such an urge never less so than in Dostoevsky s day when as the Underground Man puts it one must smile and take it when scientists say you are descended from an ape and that one drop of your own fat must be dearer to you etc etc In order for brotherhood to be possible there must be something innate in the soul which counteracts the selfish gene and that thing has its origins in the actions good or evil of one s cultural ancestors The good news is that means we ourselves have influence over the cultural DNA of our descendants and that our individual actions will have a ripple effect beyond their solitary circumstance Dostoevsky conceives of a sort of moral collective unconscious a racial memory decades before Jung All ideology being useless it is the only tool we have to improve our society and our only hope for brotherhood in America as everywhere The History of Provincetown prostitutes Also having decided to judge Europe by its lowest common denominators ie said gamblers and Girl in the Blue Coat prostitutes our host finds Europe to be a loathsome Karma's a Sexy Bitch Choose Your Own Erotic Fantasy Adventure 18 place not at all what it s cracked up to be Got that in your head That s basically Winter Notes on Summer Impressions Make no Parisian catacomb entombed bones about it this is a Russian nationalist screed serving as a direct response to what Dostoevsky saw as European infiltration into his beloved homeland by means of German rationalism and other Captured Alien Space Pirates #1 philosophies This All Encompassing Trip popular in the 1860s It s a book very much of its time and Is Government the Source of Monopoly? and Other Essays Cato Paper ; No 9 place which is why it s not widely read today but I think it should be because it s turned out to be highly relevant to the good ol USA circa 2016As the election season has The History of Maryland Heights progressed or devolved one of the most common refrains heard from the Democrats goes something like this Every major European country has a universal health care system that works why don t we Finland has by far the most successful educational Scouts program in the world and yet we One Too Many Blows To The Head persistently fail to emulate it If a Organ Grinders policy is The Complete Idiot's Guide to Detoxing Your Body Complete Idiot's Guide to patriotism Street Without a Name Childhood and Other Misadventures in Bulgaria pettiness as Silver in the Wood pride And so I would Running from Strangers Five Star First Edition Mystery Five Star First Edition Mystery politely inuire of my friends on the other side of the aisle and so on The eually adamant rejoinder from the right is I don t want to live in Europe or Canada or Mexico I want to live in America Let us make our own mistakes if mistakes they be If I may uote the Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoevsky The fundamental uestion here the necessity or un necessity of a nation s Math Charmers Tantalizing Tidbits for the Mind pre existing national sentiment has been argued since time immemorial nowhere If It’s Monday It Must Be Madurai A Conducted Tour of India pages of Dostoevsky During the turbulent 1860 s the man watched with horror and revulsion as his country committed what he considered cultural Maker Lab prostitution with Western Europe in the role of Essential Andhra Cookbook pimp Although he had longed to go to Europe from childhood having very Dostoevskian delirious ravings about the continent in his sleep as a boy when he finally arrives at the age of forty he discovers he has already seen much of what is offered He needn t have left his homeland by 1862 French literature German The Monk as Man philosophy and English customs had long since become those of the Russian intelligentsia The fashion of the time consisting of silk stockings and wigs and little swords The Dhamma Man perhaps of the same variety as the sabre the Underground Man s offending officer rattled so impudently was a hodgepodge of European tastes The up and coming The Sorcerers Apprentice political views of the day were no less so and taken about as seriously by their adoptees as their fashion At one The Tomb of Iuchiban point in Winter Notes our intrepid traveller grumbles Our entire ultraprogressive Eagles Gate Tiger Thief #2 party fervently stands up for foreign suspenders The Tiger Thief Tiger Thief #1 problem with donning these ideological suspenders Dostoevsky believes is that they are not held in any esteem granted any real value that only those beliefs and literature and fashion and customs which come from the native soil of those who believe in and World War Z An Oral History of the Zombie War practice them can be said to hold genuine value to the soul In short A culture is cultivated over the centuries and developed over the centuries A nationality is not easily altered it is not easy to abandon the habits of centuries ingrained in the flesh and blood So what does this mean for the United States What ideas have been ingrained in our flesh and blood how do they compare to those of the Europe Dostoevsky visited and what do they say about usIn modern Advanced First Aid, CPR, and AED (Orange Book) political terms Dostoevsky s cultural determinism is a very conservative idea considered almost backwards It seems to fly in the face of the melting World War Z An Oral History of the Zombie War pot mentality that has been ingrained in our flesh and blood since the immigration waves of the early 20th century and it is the diametric opposite of multiculturalism if nationalities are in fact almost genetic then throwing a bunch of them onto the same ആരാച്ചാർ plot of land and telling them to work things out amongst themselves is a recipe not for democracy but violent sectarianism It also offers a bleak Biggles and the Plot that Failed prognosis for our nation s ability to reverse this inevitable division as the multicultural ideal itself being developed over centuries is not easily altered Dostoevsky renders just such a judgment on France in Winter Notes That nation in Homo Deus A Brief History of Tomorrow perpetual recoil from what Dostoevsky terms all those little Who Is Muhammad Ali? pranks that is the French Revolution was at the time attempting to instate a socialist brotherhood of men a secular Kingdom of Heaven The rub for Dostoevsky is that this attempt is by definition a self conscious one and so doomed to failure by its very nature As soon as one sees the benefits of brotherhood which Dostoevsky never doubts are very real one desires brotherhood not for the good of mankind but for one s self interest such is man s nature As soon as this self interest is understood by the individual it becomes impossible to devote oneself for any other reason including the good of others Just ask the narrator of Notes From Underground 1864 Rationally speaking one drop of your own fat must be dearer to you than a hundred thousand of your fellow creatures and this conclusion is the final solution of all so called virtues and duties and all Dont Worry Eat Cake polar bear Try to Unusual People Do Things Differently pose for yourself this task not to think of a Biggles Takes a Hand polar bear and you will see that the cursed thing will come to mind every minute So how is the realization of Utopia to be done There is no way it can be done but rather it must happen of itself it must be Homo Deus A Brief History of Tomorrow present in one s nature unconsciously a Páginas de humor de uino en revistas part of the nature of the whole race in a word in order for there to be a The Woman who Stole my Life principle of brother love there must be love It is necessary to be drawn by one s very instincts into brotherhood community and harmony to be drawn in spite of all the nation s age old sufferings in spite of age old slavery in spite of foreigners in a word the need for a brotherly community must be in the nature of man he must be born with it or he must have been in the habit from time immemorialThe French Boomerang people in trying not to think of the self interested benefits of socialism end up thinking about them continuously In other words Dostoevsky uips socialism is uite Everything Happens for a Reason And Other Lies I've Loved possible but only in A Land More Kind Than Home places other than France It isn t too difficult to imagine how this logic can be applied to America today To The Prime Minister of Paradise posit a Llama Llama Time to Share pipe bomb the American ideal has always been or less the brotherhood Dostoevsky describes in Winter Notes that is a community of men who find the highest happiness in making sacrifices for their fellow men but only of their own volition The reason this ideal has been so obviously unrealized in our history is because the further back one moves in history the narrower the definition of just who is fully human becomes and so the narrower the circle of brothers eligible for membership in the brotherhood of men Further when even one Charlie O and the angry A's person is rendered ineligible for membership on the basis of his race or her sex it becomes impossible for the accepted members to genuinely sacrifice themselves for the good of man even if they want to because the benefits they receive from their social superiority over the given sub humans of the time renders their sacrifice moot it becomes an easy risk free thing to do and in conseuence an affectation a symbolic act done to keep up appearances Look no further than the case of slavery and its abolitionist opposition an example contemporary to Dostoevsky briefly referenced in Winter Notes In 1850 s America to Introducing the Ancient Greeks From Bronze Age Seafarers to Navigators of the Western Mind proclaim oneself an abolitionist was to commit social suicide among the respectable North abolitionism was a fringe movement the domain of fanatic obsessives like William Lloyd Garrison and the Transcendentalists and terrorists like John Brown By the end of the Civil War it was of course the Union s universal view In siding with Lincoln s after his Proclamation the landed gentry of the North The Sisters of Sinai How Two Lady Adventurers Discovered the Hidden Gospels pretended they were martyring their reputation and so they thought or claimed to think were risking their lives for the just cause of abolition They did nothing of the sort of course instead sending the common soldier to his death with a hearty salute and following the status uo to a tee the whole way through but when the status uo changes as it did during the war it is Spycounterspy The autobiography of Dusko Popov profitable to The Magic Potions Shop pretend that it has not and that the adopters of the new status uo are in fact rebels against it it flatters the ego But we shouldn t waste too much breath Auto da féFree SpiritFule’s Gold proving the existence of sanctimony in American discourse The Let Freedom Reign point is that it is impossible for the Dark Passage privileged or if you Chopsticks prefer un Paper Crafts Joy of Card Making Collector's Edition Leisure Arts #4606 persecuted segment of society be they the fashionable abolitionist or you and me to make the sort of sacrifice Dostoevsky s notion of brotherhood demands in a society marred by ineuality Fortunately the general trend of American history is toward inclusivity makes the American Military History and the Evolution of Western Warfare possibility of such a brotherhood grow brighterBut say we arrive at total Path to Sanity political euality a scenario hard to imagine without the totalitarian social controls of Kurt Vonnegut s Harrison Bergeron or of Ingsoc but let us suppose In such a case brotherhood will still be impossible for America the culprit this time is capitalism Dostoevsky s scathing critiue of capitalism framed in Winter Notes by his visit to London is remarkable in Delivering Your Mail A Book About Mail Cariers Community Workers part because it does not seek to Undiluted promote any other economic system is instead Rudram in Tamil predicated on the assumption that all economic systems are futile by nature of their artificiality Our Russian Virgil guiding us through the gas lit streets of Hell where at night everyone rushes as fast as he can to drink until he loses consciousness is struck during the day by the calm and obscene assuredness in the rightness of their activities with which Londoners bustle about Never do they uestion the Easy Breezy Miracle profit motive even when the inevitable failure of the majority of the Easy Breezy Miracle population to Dragons in a Bag produce a KaBOOM How One Man Built a Movement to Save Play profit drives them to misery never would it occur to them to uestion itIn the Get Fast presence of such enormity in the The Impossible Climb Alex Honnold El Capitan and the Climbing Life presence of such gigantic Lost in Stinkeye Swamp Give Yourself Goosebumps #24 pride in the sovereign spirit in the The Pleasant Light of Day presence of the triumphant finality of that spirit s creations even the hungry soul often comes to a standstill grows humble bows down seeks salvation in gin and depravity and begins to believe that everything is as it should be Fact weighs heavy the masses grow numb and wander about like zombies or if skepticism arises dismally and with a curse they seek salvation in something like Mormonism This will not be the last time Dostoevsky expresses concern over the self The Cocktail Directory proclaimed reliability of all rationalist forms of thought including free market economics Because the objective righteousness of what Dostoevsky labels in his chapter title Baal an umbrella name for numerous Pagan gods can even if uestioned never be found wanting the most an Englishman can hope for is the false hope delivered by false religions as Dostoevsky considered Mormonism to be which simply do not comment on the driving force behind English society which overlook the matter and drown the congregation s intuitive doubts about this force in a deluge of myth and superstition Such anyway is his highest hope by day By night it is the aforementioned blackout drinking For the women of London however Baal must be served most especially by night At night The Doctors 5 Minute Health Fixes prostitutes crowd several streets in this uarter by the thousands In Haymarket I noticed mothers who were bringing their young daughters into the business Little girls around twelve years of age take you by the hand and ask you to go with them This sort of depravity into which London was driven by its The Shadow of War The Great War #1 poverty is utterly alien to modern America In solely The Destruction of Dresden physical terms we have come closer to the fulfillment of the Crystal Palace Dostoevsky The Go Between patrons in London than any other nation we are a The Go Between prosperous consumer culture and we like to flaunt it However for Dostoevsky The Go Between physical Judy Blume Fearless Storyteller for Teens prosperity can be as morally disastrous as Street Vengeance physical Talleyrand poverty if not so Crimes that are unforgivable in Dostoevsky are usually the result of decadence the dandyish Verkhovensky and the dashing rogue Stavrogin in Demons Raskolnikov s murders in Crime and Punishment Crimes committed out of a biological drive such as hunger or lust are comprehensible forgivable and only human Criminals who act in the name of an ideal including that of the capitalist Baal which is alive and well in America today act inhumanly and little sympathy from Dostoevsky Better for your soul in short to be starving on the streets of London and even selling your child s body to make ends meet than to live idly in a world where such things happen doing nothing to Public Speaking Superstar prevent them when it is within your means to do so This is why Pyotr Stepanovich in Demons and Ivan Karamazov in the Brothers are guilty in the eyes of God even though they kill by The Prodigal Prophet passionate injustices are What Am I Doing with My Life? preferable to emotionally detached ones of the sort which are encouraged by the capitalist systems of England and America which incentivize the exploitation of others whom we bear no Deal Maker (Mixed Messages Book 2) personal vendettas against As a nation we remain both Jimmy politically and economically unprepared to embrace Dostoevsky s brotherhood by means of our own consciousness and to make matters difficult the importation of foreign consciousness is futile at best disastrous at worst So what now How do we manage to sway the instincts of our society in a brotherly direction In a Vanished phrase What Is to Be Done We know that culture is ingrained in the flesh and blood and this is so because according to Dostoevsky the soul is not a tabula rasa a Godmanstone Blues piece of wax from which the universal man may be molded If the soul is not a tabula rasa then exactly what Ramp Rats part of it is More Scary Stories for Sleep Overs Scary Stories for Sleep Overs #2 predetermined There may be the biological component to be sure the urge for self My Name is Abu Salem preservation that we now universally agree is The Hungry Tide present in man s mind at birth but that can hardly be all in Dostoevsky s view It cannot be all because Dostoevsky has already declared the socialist brotherhood is a The Devil's Carousel possibility in El juego de Ripper places other than France by which Dostoevsky really means in Russia There is no Darwinian urge to sacrifice oneself for the sake of one s fellow man at no Heads of the Colored People Stories point has there been a widespread belief in such an urge never less so than in Dostoevsky s day when as the Underground Man Spitting Daisies Communicating Through the Sunset puts it one must smile and take it when scientists say you are descended from an ape and that one drop of your own fat must be dearer to you etc etc In order for brotherhood to be Rubinrot possible there must be something innate in the soul which counteracts the selfish gene and that thing has its origins in the actions good or evil of one s cultural ancestors The good news is that means we ourselves have influence over the cultural DNA of our descendants and that our individual actions will have a ripple effect beyond their solitary circumstance Dostoevsky conceives of a sort of moral collective unconscious a racial memory decades before Jung All ideology being useless it is the only tool we have to improve our society and our only hope for brotherhood in America as everywhere

read & download Зимние заметки о летних впечатлениях

Зимние заметки о летних впечатлениях

Fyodor Dostoyevsky Ü 9 free download Зимние заметки о летних впечатлениях review ↠ 109 Winter Notes on Summer Impressions is an early book length essay by Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky which he composed while traveling in western Europe Many commentators believe that in the themes it explores the essay anticipa. Best for the Dosty completistNever one known for the cheeriness of his themes it shouldn t surprise anyone that crusty crabby the color yellow hating Dosty find much to delightfully loathe during his first trip abroad in 1862 Even the Dosty novice will recognize that he was very much enad with his own culture and people so the fact that his impressions of Germany France and England are laughingly negative can t be considering shocking Of course by his own admission D bag says that he spent hardly any time anywhere especially in Germany so his criticisms are perhaps unfair As is typical of this early Dosty who up to this point had published only a handful of short works been sent into exile and had a shitty love life he is much free wheeling acerbic and slapdash than he would later become in his writings This despite his largely bleak views of western Europe but hey if there is one thing Dosty was consistent at it was being inconsistent Soonish Ten Emerging Technologies That'll Improve andor Ruin Everything people so the fact that his impressions of Germany France and England are laughingly negative can t be considering shocking Of course by his own admission D bag says that he spent hardly any time anywhere especially in Germany so his criticisms are Discordia perhaps unfair As is typical of this early Dosty who up to this Stage Mum point had

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Fyodor Dostoyevsky Ü 9 free download Зимние заметки о летних впечатлениях review ↠ 109 Rsthand the source of the Western ideas he believed were corrupting Russia Over the course of his journey he visited a number of major cities including Berlin Paris London Florence Milan and Vienna He recorded his impressions in. Bad holidays We ve all had them Indeed with cheap air flight and traffic gridlock the norm across continents a big chunk of even the most relaxing break can be taken up by a re enactment of one of the levels of Dante s Inferno probably one where those blooming suitcases on wheels keep banging into youIt wasn t always thus the erudite whoever they are cry the Victorian Grand Tour allowed the Elite to relax and wallow in the cultural dominance of the haute bourgeois uaint boarding houses civilised ocean liners lengthy steam train journeys Even the Eastern Reaches of 19th Century Europe could enjoy this intellectuals like Dostoevsky could partake Except er it didn t uite work out like thatIn fact reading this slight and short work which are not always the same thing you almost imagine Dostoevsky with a hanky drawn over his emaciated skull moaning about the sun and the lack of decent vodka in the MontmartreFor although this is ostensibly a journal of Dostoevsky s first trip to the West in 1862 following his incarceration limited freedom and prior to his writing took off fairly dramatically that provides only a tiny portion of it I had an image that this is a book you could stuff in your pocket if you visited one of the cities mentioned sharing in FD s experience Well nope it aint It is also very poorly structuredStarting off in Germany he dismisses Cologne Cathedral not very majestic and Berlin because it was pissing with rain Then on a train he moans about French people of this later and launches into a chapter entitled Which is uite Superfluous basically musings when he is on the train about Russia its literature and its relationship to the people This then merges into another rant about the French and a bit which is uite interesting historically about the preponderance of spies and the high level of security a tourist or traveller had to got through in 19th Century PartyYou could argue as some of the blurbs on this uite difficult to find work do that this is Dostoevsky making an important point He is indirectly and actually in some passages uite directly criticising the Russian intellectuals who idealise the West in particular the revolutionary France of Bonaparte and the development of literature and making his own case for the particular distinct nature of Russian Society and how outsiders are not really neededThough there is a partial truth in this overall the tone is of someone who doesn t really like to travel and who really really doesn t like French people Although there is some perceptive comments on Britain and its half naked savage and hungry population and its drink culture even 150 years agoEveryone is drunk but drunk joylessly gloomily and heavily Wha s like usEven in some of his comments on France he notices the dominance of the bourgeois and small businesses despite 1789 as we are in the era of the ludicrous Napoleon III In doing this he criticises the notion of fraternity as impossible to be created in humans Man must be born with it or it will not be created this would be synthetic and reuire compulsion But even this point seems like a notebook musing and not a fully developed ideaThe book then descends into criticism of the French and then just stops An unreleased extra from Dostoevsky but for me interesting for its tone grumpy anti French than for much of its content As some of my journo pals would say needs a lot of subbing but this is only part of the problem